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Management authorities

  • Manage the process of granting permits and certificates under the terms of the Convention.
  • Liaise with the exporting/importing country’s management authority.

Scientific authorities

  • Provide technical and scientific advice to its management authority.
  • Monitors export permits granted and actual exports themselves to ensure that the species is maintained at a level consistent with its role in the ecosystems in which it occurs.

Customs administrations

  • Customs monitors and facilitates legal trade.
  • With the support of other relevant national agencies, customs facilitates and controls CITES trade on import, export, re-export and transit.
  • Customs is also mandated to identify and address illegal trade.

Enforcement agencies

  • Undertake the implementation of the law, taking appropriate actions to hold those engaging in the illegal shipment of CITES species to account.